(according to the tragedy of William Shakespeare “Hamlet”)
In the tragedy “Hamlet” (1601), William Shakespeare, reworking the plot of a medieval legend and an old English play about Prince Amlet, portrayed the tragedy of humanism in the modern world with the greatest depth. Hamlet, the Danish prince, is a beautiful image of a humanist who is faced with a world hostile to
humanism. The insidious murder of his father reveals to his son the evil that reigns in the country. The obligation to avenge the murder of his father for Hamlet is not an ordinary, bloody revenge. It grows for him into the social duty of fighting for a just cause, into a great and difficult historical task.
Our time has gone astray.
My talent is damned
That I should correct that dislocation!
However, in this struggle, Hamlet is slow, sometimes cruelly reproaching himself for inaction. Sometimes the idea is expressed that Hamlet is a man of weak character by nature, a thinker and observer, incapable of decisive action. But this is not so.
The heroic tragedy also shows the powerful power of feelings, which distinguished people of the Renaissance. He is experiencing the death of his father, and the shameful marriage of his mother. Hamlet loves Ophelia, but does not find happiness with her. His cruelty and insulting words in the treatment of the girl testify to the power of love and disappointment.
Hamlet is distinguished by its nobility and emerges from high humanistic ideas about man. It is from here that his colossal bitterness ensues when he faces the world around him of lies and crime, treachery and sacrilege.
Hamlet is capable of great and faithful friendship. In his relations, he is alien to feudal prejudice, he values people for personal qualities, and not for the position that they occupy. His only close friend is a student of Horatio. Neglecting the courtiers, Hamlet amiably meets people of art – actors. The people love him, as the king speaks with alarm.
Hamlet is a man of philosophical thought. In individual facts, he knows how to see the expression of large general phenomena. But not in itself the ability to think delays his actions in the struggle, but those pessimistic conclusions that he comes to as a result of reflection on everything around him.
The events that take place at the court lead Hamlet to general conclusions regarding man and the world in general. If the world is possible such evil, if honesty, love, friendship, human dignity perish in it, then in fact “time has gone astray.” The world is imagined by Hamlet or a garden where weeds abound, or a well-maintained prison with casemates, cameras and dungeons.
Hamlet calls the world a “lush garden” that produces only wild and dashing seed. He declares to his comrades who come that “To be or not to be” Hamlet expresses doubts about the value of life itself. Recounting the various troubles of man, he depicts the customs of society. He perceives poverty as unbearably difficult for a person, because she has to endure
… scourges and abuse of time
So, Hamlet is struck not only by the crime of Claudius, but also by the whole system of principles of life and moral concepts that are alien to him. The hero knows that he cannot limit himself to revenge, since the murder of Claudius will not change the world. Hamlet does not refuse revenge, but at the same time he realizes that his task is much broader – to oppose evil in general.
The greatness of the task and its objective impracticability predetermine the extreme complexity of Hamlet’s inner life and actions. In the life of the “dishonest game”, “entangled in nets of meanness”, it is difficult for him to determine his own place and find real means of struggle. The scale of evil oppresses Hamlet, causes him disappointment, awareness of the meagerness of his forces. Man and the world are not perceived as they seemed to him before.
Thus, Hamlet is not confronted with a random crime, not with a single enemy, but with a whole hostile society. And precisely because his visionary philosophical thought reveals to him the laws of this society, he feels his powerlessness in the fight against evil.
The content of the Hamlet tragedy is inspired by the social conditions of England at that time, but its significance goes far beyond the borders of one country and one historical period. The picture of oppression and lies shown in it, in particular tyranny, turned out to be true for a long time. Hence the undying interest over centuries in Hamlet, a noble and lonely fighter against evil and injustice.